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CASE REPORT
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 110-115

Thyroid ectopia: A case series and literature review


Department of Endocrinology, St John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Madhuri Patil
Department of Endocrinology, St. John's Medical College Hospital, Bangalore - 560 034, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-0354.157917

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Thyroid ectopia is a dysgenesis of thyroid gland. A series of seventeen patients with ectopic thyroid tissue and dyshormonogenesis is presented here. Patient data were reviewed retrospectively for this descriptive study. At presentation, age of the patients ranged from 2 months to 50 years (mean age -13.7 yr). Male to female ratio is 1: 7.5. Hypothyroidism is present in 94.1% cases whereas 5.88% (one case) cases have thyrotoxicosis. Though dyshormonogenesis was the main reason for reference of these cases to our department, a variety of other symptoms like dysphagia (5.88%), obstructive sleep apnea (5.88%), swelling in the neck (17.6%), slow growth were also present (5.88%). Other than thyroid replacement therapy for hypothyroidism and radioactive iodine therapy for thyrotoxicosis, surgical removal was advised in two cases of persisting obstructive symptoms.


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