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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-9

Clinicopathological features of differentiated thyroid carcinoma referred to radioiodine therapy at Tripoli Medical Center


Department of Endocrine, Tripoli, Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tripoli University for Medical Sciences, Tripoli, Libya

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hawa Juma El-Shareif
Department of Endocrine, Tripoli, Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Tripoli University for Medical Sciences, Tripoli
Libya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/trp.trp_28_17

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Objectives: The objective of this study is to study the demographic, clinicopathological features, and geographical distribution of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) among Libyan patients referred from all parts of the country to the nuclear medicine department, for radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. Materials and Methods: Retrospective review of medical records of 265 patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) referred to RAI therapy in the Nuclear Medicine Branch-Tripoli Medical Center, in the period from May 2005 to October 2010. The data analyzed included sex, age at the time of diagnosis, the city of residence, pathological diagnosis, the extent of disease, and types of treatment. Results: There were 225 (84.9%) females and 40 (15.1%) males giving a sex ratio of 5.6:1. The mean age of males at diagnosis was 51.2 ± 14.8 (range 24–78) years and the mean age of the females was 44.6 ± 15.6 (range 10–95) years. Two hundred and twenty-three (84.2%) had papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), 31 (11.7%) had follicular thyroid cancer, 3 (1.1%) had Hurthle cell thyroid cancer, and 2 (0.8%) had follicular-insular thyroid cancer. About 43 (16.2%) had a history of multinodular goiter, and 3 (1.1%) Hashimoto's thyroiditis. From data collected, cervical lymph node metastases were found in 45 (17.0%), and distal metastases in 27 (10.2%). Conclusions: PTC was the most common type of DTC. DTC was more common among females. The current study showed that the disease tends to occur at an older age, and with less cervical lymph node metastases than previously reported.


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