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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 122-127

Clinical spectrum and outcome of patients with hyperthyroidism in Nepal


1 Department of Internalmedicine, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
2 Department of Biochemistry, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Robin Maskey
B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
Nepal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/trp.trp_19_18

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Context: Thyroid dysfunction is a major public health problem among the Nepalese population. The average prevalence of thyroid disorder was 30% seen in different parts of Nepal. It is important to detect these disorders at the preclinical stage and manage them accordingly. Aims: This study aimed to assess the clinical spectrum and outcome of patients with hyperthyrdoism in BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, a tertiary care teaching hospital of Nepal. Settings and Design: This is a prospective observational study. Subjects and Methods: All adult hyperthyroid patients presenting to the Department of Internal Medicine were enrolled for 1 year and evaluated for clinical spectrum and outcome after treatment with antithyroid drugs. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, mean, standard deviation, and proportion for quantitative variable were calculated and association was established using Chi-square test with P values. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Among sixty patients of hyperthyroidism enrolled in the study, common clinical manifestation was palpitations (92.7%), tremulousness, and heat intolerance (70.1%). Similarly, most common clinical sign was warm, moist skin (89.1%), followed by tremors (72.7%). After treatment with antithyroid drugs, 60% became euthyroid within 6 weeks. Conclusions: The most common symptoms of hyperthyroidism were palpitation. Majority of patients improved with antithyroid drugs within 6 weeks of treatment.


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