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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 83-84

International thyroid days

Intern, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India

Date of Web Publication31-Mar-2014

Correspondence Address:
Aakshit Goyal
Intern, Government Medical College, Patiala - 147 001, Punjab
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-0354.129739

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How to cite this article:
Goyal A. International thyroid days. Thyroid Res Pract 2014;11:83-4

How to cite this URL:
Goyal A. International thyroid days. Thyroid Res Pract [serial online] 2014 [cited 2022 Aug 9];11:83-4. Available from: https://www.thetrp.net/text.asp?2014/11/2/83/129739


The editorial; "Thyroid: Disorders of a lesser gland". [1] It gives a comprehensive understanding of why thyroid gland disorders have been ignored as compared to other noncommunicable diseases despite of their huge prevalence. Through this letter, I would like to give an account of the International days observed to spread awareness about thyroid disorders.

Below is a list of different celebrated thyroid days.

World iodine deficiency disorder day

This day was first celebrated on May 5, 1994 in China when State Council of China started the Iodine Deficiency Disorders campaign. Now, in 2013, this day is celebrated on October 23. On this day, people are called upon to recognize as to how the iodine deficiency disorders such as goiter and cretinism which are widely prevalent and yet preventable. They are also made aware of the possible complications that can occur if the iodine deficiency prevails. They are taught about the benefits of consuming iodized common salt which is a simple, cheap, and an effective measure to curb this problem. [2]

World thyroid day

This day was first celebrated on May 25, 2008. World Thyroid Day on May 25, 2013 was celebrated with theme 'Make difference to life; think thyroid, think life.' This day is celebrated for the accomplishments that have been made in thyroid health and to plan the issues that still demand attention. This day recognizes the range of thyroid disorders starting from hypo- and hyperthyroidism to thyroid cancers. High risk groups such as children and pregnant women are of particular concern. People are taught to recognize the accompanying sign and symptoms of thyroid disorders and how they can be treated. They are educated about prevention and screening programs that have been undertaken to deal with thyroid disorders. [3]

Thyroid awareness week

This week was first celebrated in May 2009 from May 25 to 31. In 2012, it was celebrated from May 21 to 27 and the campaign was about 'Thyroid and heart' and 'Iodine deficiency'. In 2013, this week was observed from May 20 to 26. The subject of awareness was 'Thyroid and infertility'. [4] This week is celebrated to spread awareness of how thyroid health plays an important part in not only biological but also psychological health. For example, hypothyroidism causes depression which can lead to suicide, thus increasing mortality rate. This year's campaign aimed at making people aware as to how the thyroid hormones regulate both male and female fertility. World data shows that about 70 million people suffer from infertility of which female causes account for 35% and combined male and female for 30%. Of the female causes, 25% are due to thyroid disorders which are often overlooked. [5] This is of significant concern especially because thyroid causes of infertility are reversible.

Thyroid cancer awareness month

International Thyroid Cancer Awareness month is celebrated in September every year. It was first celebrated in year 2000 by 'Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association' as a week in September, but in 2003 that week was extended to a whole month. [6] This month is used to spread awareness about the different types of thyroid cancers which is one of the most rapidly spreading cancer in the world. Mortality rates due to thyroid cancer have increased significantly by 50.2% from 1990 to 2010. [7] So there is an increased need to emphasize on early detection and treatment of thyroid cancer which is highly curable in initial stages. People are made aware of the risk factors that can lead to thyroid cancer. People should be aware of the resources, treatment modalities available for cancer detection, cure, and monitoring. [8]

Thyroid awareness month

Thyroid awareness month is celebrated in January every year and was first celebrated in the year 2000. The month highlights all the different types of thyroid disorders. People are made aware of different sign and symptoms of thyroid disorders and how they can self-check their neck to look for any protrusion by simple methods. [9] This empowers the patients and facilitates effective shared decision making. [10]

  Conclusion Top

Therefore, one can realize the importance these International days hold to educate people about the need to become aware of these disorders. This is important as it brings to public attention the high prevalence of these disorders and stimulates public advocacy, an integral part of the efforts to tackle these problems.

  References Top

1.Kalra S, Unnikrishnan AG, Baruah MP. Thyroid: Disorders of a lesser gland. Thyroid Res Pract 2013;10:45-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
  Medknow Journal  
2.Global Iodine Deficiency Disorder Day 2013. Available from: http://www.altiusdirectory.com/Lifestyle/global-iodine-deficiency-disorder-day.html [Last accessed on 2013 Aug 1].  Back to cited text no. 2
3.American Thyroid Association Supports 6 th Annual World Thyroid Day-May 25, 2013. Available from: http://www.thyroid. org/american -thyroid-association-supports-6 th -annual-world-thyroid-day- may-25-2013/[Last accessed on 2013 Aug 17].  Back to cited text no. 3
4.International thyroid awareness week 2013. Available from: http://www.thyroid week.com/en/[Last accessed on 2013 Aug 17].  Back to cited text no. 4
5.International thyroid awareness week 2013 to highlight the topic of Thyroid and infertility. Available from: http://www.industria- newsroom.com/new-detail/t/international-thyroid-awareness- week-2013-to-highlight-the-topic-thyroid-and-infertility/[Last accessed on 2013 Aug 18].  Back to cited text no. 5
6.September is Thyroid cancer awareness month. Available from: http://www.thyca.org/how-to-help/awareness/september/[Last accessed on 2013 Aug 18].  Back to cited text no. 6
7.Kalra S, Unnikrishnan AG, Sahay R. The global burden of thyroid disease. Thyroid Res Pract 2013;10:89-90.  Back to cited text no. 7
  Medknow Journal  
8.Thyca shines spotlight on Thyroid Cancer Awareness Month. Available from: http://www.thyca.org/how-to-help/awareness/awareness- spotlight/[Last accessed on 2013 Aug 18].  Back to cited text no. 8
9.January is thyroid awareness month-time to know how best to care for your thyroid. Available from: http://medicine.stony brookmedicine.edu/surgery/blog/january-is-thyroid-awareness-month-time-to-know - how-best-to- care-for-your-thyroid [Last accessed on 2013 Aug 18].  Back to cited text no. 9
10.Baruah MP, Kalra B, Kalra S. Patient centered approach in endocrinology: From introspection to action. Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2012;16:679-81.  Back to cited text no. 10


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