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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 108-110

Pattern of thyroid carcinoma in Gizan region of Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Medicine and Endocrinology, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Medicine, Sri Aurobindo Medical College, Indore, India
3 King Fahd Central Hospital, Gizan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Abhishek Singhai
Department of Medicine, Sri Aurobindo Medical College, Sanwer Road, Indore 453 555, Madhya Pradesh, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-0354.138555

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Objective: To study the frequency, clinical features, and histopathological types of thyroid carcinoma in Gizan region of Saudi Arabia. Research Design and Methods: We analyzed the clinical features, laboratory data, histopathological reports, and outcome of 32 patients diagnosed with thyroid carcinoma out of 231 patients who underwent thyroidectomy at King Fahd Central Hospital (KFCH), Gizan and peripheral hospitals over a period of 6 years. Results: The papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) was present in 25 patients and follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) in 5 cases. Anaplastic cell variety was found in two cases. The mean (±SD) were significantly different (P = 0.015) when the groups with PTC and FTC were compared (43.1 ± 12.7 vs. 61.3 ± 15.4). Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) was done in all 32 cases; it was negative in 11 cases. Conclusions: In Gizan, incidence of thyroid carcinoma is about 14% among total patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Painless thyroid nodule is the most common clinical feature. PTC is the most common variant. FNAC is a useful tool for diagnosis but it can be false negative also.

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