Thyroid Research and Practice

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 128--131

Serum concentrations of interleukin-17A but not interleukin-17F are elevated in children with recent-onset Hashimoto's thyroiditis


Sandhya Cautha1, Devi Dayal1, Naresh Sachdeva2, Darshan Badal2, Savita Verma Attri1, Kushaljit Singh Sodhi3 
1 Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Devi Dayal
Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Unit, Advanced Pediatrics Center, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
India

Background: Recent advances in immunology suggest that T-helper 17 lymphocytes (Th17) have a major role in the disrupted autoimmunity in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). However, there are no data on the Th17 characteristics, especially regarding the dominant interleukins (ILs) that they produce in children with HT. Material and Methods: With an aim to determine the role of two major Th17 cytokines in children with HT, we measured serum concentrations of IL-17A and IL-17F in 40 children with recent-onset HT and 40 age- and sex-matched controls by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Serum IL-17A concentrations were significantly higher in children with HT when compared to controls (3.39 ± 6.93 pg/mL vs. 0.12 ± 0.47 pg/mL, P = 0.00). However, the IL-17F concentrations were similar in patients and the controls (11.12 ± 15.34 pg/mL vs. 9.68 ± 12.87 pg/mL, P = 0.65). Conclusions: The elevated concentrations of IL-17A, one of the major effector cytokines of the Th17 system, suggest its possible role in the pathogenesis of HT in children.


How to cite this article:
Cautha S, Dayal D, Sachdeva N, Badal D, Attri SV, Sodhi KS. Serum concentrations of interleukin-17A but not interleukin-17F are elevated in children with recent-onset Hashimoto's thyroiditis.Thyroid Res Pract 2018;15:128-131


How to cite this URL:
Cautha S, Dayal D, Sachdeva N, Badal D, Attri SV, Sodhi KS. Serum concentrations of interleukin-17A but not interleukin-17F are elevated in children with recent-onset Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Thyroid Res Pract [serial online] 2018 [cited 2021 Apr 16 ];15:128-131
Available from: https://www.thetrp.net/article.asp?issn=0973-0354;year=2018;volume=15;issue=3;spage=128;epage=131;aulast=Cautha;type=0